Landscaping Baltimore involves designing and implementing plants, trees, walkways, water features, and other hardscapes. It also requires regular maintenance to keep the landscape healthy and attractive.


Studies have shown that gardening and spending time in nature can reduce anxiety, depression, and stress. Well-kept landscaping can increase a home’s value and make it more enjoyable for families to spend time outside.

Color is one of the most important aspects of landscape design. The right colors can unify a garden, draw attention to a focal point, make a small space feel bigger or a large space feel cozy, and create a sense of harmony and balance. However, knowing how to use color effectively can be difficult. Many people are unsure of which colors to choose or how to combine them for the best results.

When designing your landscape, you should also consider the season and how each color will interact with that particular season. For example, spring requires fresh new growth, summer calls for vibrant splashes of color, and fall offers a chance to slow down and reflect. In addition, you should be aware of the impact that a plant’s color will have when it is next to other plants, decor, or buildings.

The intensity of a color is also important. Highly saturated colors are bold and eye-catching, while less saturated or desaturated colors are more subdued. Finally, the tone of a color, which is created by adding gray to the original hue, can also be influential in creating a harmonious and visually appealing landscape.

When choosing color for your landscape, it is helpful to think about what types of gardens you enjoy seeing in magazines and books. These gardens often have a specific style, and it can be a good idea to mimic this style in your own garden. You can also gain inspiration by looking at the landscaping around your neighborhood and community. Pay special attention to the colors that catch your eye. By taking notes, you can discover the colors that work best for your own garden.


A landscaping design must address the visual elements, which include line, form and texture. The use of these properties helps to create a balanced appearance in the landscape and can impact how people respond to the space. The design can influence mood, emotion and behavior. The use of form in the landscape includes the shape and size of plants, hardscapes (like pathways and structures), water features and lighting. Line is the most important element in a landscape because it has the potential to make or break the balance of a design. Straight lines have a structural and forceful character that is associated with formal design and symmetrical balance. Curved lines have a more natural and relaxed character that is often associated with organic and asymmetrical designs. Lines are also impacted by their direction. Path lines that meander invite a person to casually stroll through the landscape, while linear paths suggest direct and quick movement.

Texture is a visual attribute that describes how rough or smooth, coarse or fine and light or heavy the different components of a landscape feel individually and as they work together. A landscape with a variety of textures creates interest and contrast that draws and holds the eye. A landscape with too few or too many textures can become visually chaotic and choppy.

Color is a temporary attribute that changes with the time of day and the seasons. The brighter sun of summer makes colors appear more saturated and intense, while the softer sunlight of winter can cause them to look more subdued and muted. Color can be impacted by the amount of sunlight or shade in a particular area, as well as the proximity to other plants and structures.

The use of a theme is an effective way to unify a design, especially in the early stages of the process. Theme can be based on an architectural style (like French, Spanish or Italian), or it can be more abstract and relate to the garden’s overall character. A design theme can even be created around a single plant or feature such as grasses or perennials.


There are many different types of structures that can be added to your landscape. They can include water features like ponds, waterfalls and fountains as well as retaining walls and walkways. These structural elements can add a beautiful aesthetic to your home or business while also providing functionality. They can also increase your property value and make your home or business more appealing to potential buyers if you ever decide to sell.

Another important aspect of structure is the use of color in your landscaping. Different colors can create different moods and emotions. For example, warm colors such as red, yellow and orange tend to be more stimulating while cool colors like green and blue are calming. The use of color can also help you create a sense of harmony and balance in your landscape.

The final element of structure is the use of scale in your landscaping. The size of your plants and other components will determine how big or small your landscape appears. It is important to balance the size of your plant and other elements in order to achieve a harmonious look. For example, large plants can provide a focal point and draw attention to certain areas of your yard while smaller plants can be used for filler.

Form is the shape of your landscape, including trees, flowers, and foliage. Form is also important because it contributes to the attractive three-dimensional quality of a landscape. A variety of forms can also prevent a landscape from appearing stark, as rounded shapes soften hardscaped surfaces, outdoor structures or the sharp lines of retaining walls.

Finally, a successful landscape must be functional as well as aesthetically pleasing. This is especially true if you have children or pets. A well-maintained landscape can help keep your yard clean, safe and fun. It can also improve your health by reducing stress and improving your mood. Studies have shown that just walking through a garden or other green space can reduce blood pressure and improve focus and memory. Structural landscaping can also protect your property from damage caused by animals, pets, and storms. It can also reduce the amount of work you have to do by reducing the need for chemicals and other maintenance activities.


Perennial plants can add color, texture and height to garden designs. They can also provide continuity and structure. Perennials can be used in combination with shrubs and ornamental grasses to create unique garden designs. When choosing perennials, consider how much sun or shade the site receives, what its soil type is and how well it drains. Matching the growing preferences of perennials to a particular garden site will ensure that they thrive for years to come.

Before planting, amend the soil with compost or organic matter to improve drainage and increase nutrients. Dig a hole about twice as wide as the container and at least as deep. Carefully tease the roots of pot-bound perennials to help them adjust to their new home. Plant perennials at the level of their crown (growing point at the base of the plant; the stems grow up from this point, while the roots grow down). Digging too deeply can cause the roots to rot.

After a year, perennials will be more established and ready to bloom again. However, they may not reach their full size for several years. It’s important to plan the planting area based on their mature height and width and to space them appropriately so that they don’t crowd out other plants or interfere with pathways or structures.

There are perennials for every growing condition, from full sun to shady porches and wet spots by downspouts. Some are low-maintenance ground covers, while others make spectacular flowering topiaries.

Some perennials, such as yarrow, are herbaceous and form large flat heads of flowers on tall stalks above feathery foliage. Yarrow is drought-tolerant and heat-tolerant and comes in many different shades of yellow, oranges and reds. It is also a major pollinator, making it an excellent choice for filling in gaps in perennial borders or large meadows. It is easy to grow and requires little maintenance, but it should be cut back after its flowers fade.

Other perennials, such as bleeding heart and black cohosh, have thick, furry leaves that provide winter interest in the garden. They also help keep the soil moist by bringing up moisture from deeper in the ground to areas where it is most needed.